NATIONAL ORGANIC FLAGSHIP PROGRAM, MoAF
Background

Ensuing to the Government approval of National Organic Flagship Programme series of activities were carried out to take forward the organic objectives enshrined in the blueprint. The main objectives of the NOFP are to commercialise the production of potential organic commodities, create access and availability to organic farm-inputs such as seeds, bio-fertilizers, bio-pesticides, feed and fodder by supporting in-country production.

The National Organic Flagship Programme is designed as a multi sectoral and multi objective programme to be implemented in a mission mode to foster inclusive and sustainable interventions. The highlights of the activities implemented by the different sectors for the reporting year are as summarized below:

1. Area under Organic Agriculture
a. Area under Organic Management

A total of 10095.29 acres of farm land across the country operated by 1265 households was registered for organic production. Maximum agriculture area registered during is from Samtse, Sarpang, Samdrupjongkhar, Zhemgang, Paro and Tsirang.

The registered area mentioned above belongs to farmers operating individually or in groups from selected dzongkhags, Youth groups cultivating state land with LUC, commercial farms and institutional land.

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Monitoring and inspection of farmers field for organic certification

b. Area of land certified for organic agriculture production

The land is certified under Local Organic Assurance System (LOAS) operated by NCOA-Yusipang or BAFRA if the production is done in accordance to Bhutan Organic Standard.

Certification of land for organic production is done after timely monitoring and inspection is completed. The total of 3167.38 acres of land are certified under LOAS comprising of various NOFP sites and also some commercial organic farms. The majority of the certified lands are from Chukha, Sarpang & Tsirang. The area and house hold registered and certified are given in the table below.

Sl. No. Dzongkhag Registered area (Ac) Registered HH Area certified (Ac) Certified HH
1 Thimphu 35.885 49 46 46
2 Chhukha 208.98 62 186.32 62
3 Haa 23.755 23 60.77 79
4 Paro 828.31 36 36.38 35
5 Samtse 300.091 137
6 Sarpang 17.55 16 239.8 186
7 Samdrupjongkhar 193.75 141
8 Zhemgang 147.015 58
9 Tsirang 126.114 98 136.23 76
10 Punakha 23.84 10 29.04 10
11 Mongar 21 27
12 Trashigang 0.7 5
13 Lhuntse 4 13
14 LUC 10 5
15 Commercial farms 79.87 9 79.87 9
16 Institutions (NCOA 68.12+NSC 1.4) 69.4 2
  Total 10095.295 1265 3167.38 788
2. Organic Products Certified

The total of 38 organic commodities were certified under LOAS. The twelve new products were certified under LOAS during FY 2020-2021.

The certified products are i. Rice, ii. Mustard Green, iii. Radish, iv. Coriander, v. Cauliflower, vi. Cabbage, vii. Dry Chilli, viii. Bunching Onion, ix. Buckwheat flour, x. Wheat flour, xi. Garlic and xii. Potato.

The Rice was certified from Chimakha organic farm, Paro and all other products were certified from model organic village, Lull under Kazhi Gewog, Wangdue. Both Lull Model Organic Village and Chimakha farm were certified under LOAS in 2020.

LOAS certified products during launching

3. Production of Organic Commodities

The total of 3391.95 MT of selected commodities (Quinoa, Buckwheat, Ginger, Turmeric, Mushroom, Cardamom, Cauliflower, Beans & Chili) under National Organic Flagship program & 753MT of assorted agricultural products such as vegetables, potato, garlic, apple, etc were produced. For the production, production materials support like irrigation facilities, seeds & seedling, technical inputs, tools & equipments etc were provided to the producers. The production is spread across the country and implemented adopting the integrated landscape approach.

Buckwheat Seed Distribution

Organic Ginger Cultivation

Sl. No Commodities Production (MT)
1 Buckwheat 1168.6
2 Quinoa 62.7
3 Ginger 140.15
4 Turmeric 490
5 Cardamom 7.5
6 Mushroom 7.4
7 Chili 316.31
8 Cauliflower 126.29
9 Beans 592.09
10 Assorted agricultural Products (Vegetables, potatoes, garlic, apple etc) 753
  Total 3391.95
4. Organic Manure Production

There are ten commercial organic manure production unit in the country. The largest production unit are Bhutan Organic Fertilizers located at Pasakha with production capacity of 876 MT/year and the Greenure located at Darla operated by Bhutan Board Private Limited with production capacity of 1440/year. However, they have not achieved the full production capacity as of now. There are also mid-scale and small manure production unit located at various places. The total of 477 MT of organic fertilizers were produced. The production figure is given in table below.

Sl# Name Particular Location Capacity (MT/year)
1 Kamal Pradhan Chicken manure & compost Samtenling, Sarpang 100
2 Sarad Gurung Vermi-compost Chengmari, Samtsi 100
3 Padam Bdr. Ghallay Bio-slurry compost Rametey, Chukha 25
4 Deepak Rai Vermi-compost Changgidaphu, Thimphu 5
5 Sangay Sherpa Vermi-compost Tshendagang, Dagana 5
6 Gopi Sherpa Vermi-compost Betini, Tsirang 60
7 Chandara Kumar Rai Vermi-compost Sergithangmoed, Tsirang 36
8 Nim Dorji Drukpa Vermi-compost Relangthang, Tsirang 24
9 SJI Vermi-compost Dewathang, S/jongkhar 5
10 Prem Singh Lepcha Compost Pasakha, Chukha 30
Total (MT/year) → 477
5. Organic Seed Production

The 100 acres of land located in Paro, Wangdue, Tashigang, Lhuntse, Mongar, Tashiyangtse & Samdrupjongkhar were certified for organic seed production. Around 123 farmers are involved in organic seed production. A total 6805.90 kg of Organic seed of beans, buckwheat, quinoa, chili, ginger and turmeric rhizomes are certified under LOAS (Local Organic Assurance System). The certified seeds were formally launched on 14th July 2021 and now it is available in the market.

Launching of Organic Seeds

Organic seeds

6. Organic Trout Production

The Damthang Trout Farm, Haa has produced 1.919 MT of Organic Trout. The farm was established with fund support from NOFP.  The technical back stopping was provided by the National Research and Development Centre for Riverine and Lake Fisheries (NRDCRLF), Haa. The organic trout fingerlings and organic feed was also provided by NRDCRLF.

Organic Trout Production at Damthang , Haa

7. Organic Feed and Fodder Production

Making the organic feed available is first step towards making livestock product organic. In this pursuit, the National Research and Development Centre for Animal Nutrition (NRDCAN), Bumthang has dedicated their efforts in sourcing organic feed ingredients from organic growers. 42 farmers are engaged in production of organic feed ingredients (such as barley and soyabean). Organic barley and soybean were promoted and produced in collaboration with the Organic Feed Ingredient Growers’ Groups in Bumthang, Trongsa and Sarpang.

The organic feed ingredients were mixed with other ingredients such as vitamins, minerals, oil cakes and willow from the far-off places in Bumthang. It was dried and then used to make concentrate feed. In total, nine (9 MT) of concentrate feed was made by NRDCAN, Bumthang. Besides, organic legumes fodder production was also promoted and a total of 83.60 MT of organic legume fodder (fresh matter) was produced in Sarpang. It was dried to reduce the bulk resulting in 12.54 MT of dry matter. Therefore, in a total of 18.31 MT of organic feed was produced by NRDCAN. The organic feed produced was supplied for yaks in Paro and cattle in Regional Cattle Breeding Centre (RCBC) Bumthang.

Organic Feed production at NRDCAN, Bumthang.

8. Farmer’s Training and TOT Training

The training on various aspect of organic farming such organic principles & production practices, Organic Standards, Organic Registration & Certification process, roles and responsibilities were provided to stakeholders. Stakeholders were also trained on instituting Internal Control System (ICS) in the group which would facilitate faster and cost-effective certification. Farmers were also sensitized on benefits of consuming organic product, preparing healthy food and gender empowerment. The total of 764 farmers and 124 staffs including gewog officials were trained.

9. Development of Permanent Organic Demonstration Plot

To assess organic agriculture technologies and generate empirical data for long term trend analysis of organic agriculture, the NOFP supported establishment of permanent organic demonstration and research plot. The demonstration plot was established in four ARDCs and some basic organic technologies (Bokashi, Compost, EM etc) were installed. These facilities will facilitate and enhance organic research and demonstration of technologies to farmers and visitors.

Organic Technologies

10. Infrastructure Development

In effort to strengthen the institution for development of organic agriculture, three laboratories are being constructed. The construction of two storied conference hall and laboratory building at NCOA-Yusipang has been started and progressing as scheduled. The microbiology laboratory construction at NSSC, Semtokha and Bio control Laboratory at NPPC, Semtokha has been started. The laboratories will facilitate in production of biofertilizers and biopesticides.

Construction of Laboratories

11. Technology Generated

To enhance the organic production different organic research were undertaken by NCOA and other ARDCs. Research varies from evaluation of crop varieties for its production potential and resilience to pest and diseases under organic management to efficacy trial of bio- pesticide and organic fertilizers.

Different organic technologies were released for organic production. The NCAO released Jeevamrut (Rangzhing Lue Chu) and Jholmal (Rhingzhin bupmen)  as soil fertility amendment and plant protection  measure respectively. NCAO also successfully evaluated and released Adzuki Bean variety for soil fertility enhancement in organic crop rotation. Similarly, ARDC, Bajo released Bio-Char and Bokashi as organic soil management and improvement technology.

Moreover, to improve farming system in the country and to reduce drudgery, Agriculture Machinery Centre carry out adaptive research, design, modification and developing farming technologies under organic flagship. The AMC designed, tested and evaluated bed making and mulch laying implements attached of tractor. It is expected to reduce the labor required for the vegetable cultivation.

Bed making & Mulch Laying implement for tractor.

12. Organic Commercial Farm

The NOFP supported in establishment of 12 commercial organic farms. The commercial farms are located in Thimphu, Tsirang, Punakha, Trongsa, Bumthang & Sarpang. The organic commercial farm produces vegetables, fruits & cereals. About 72 youths and COVID-19 displaced are employed in the farm.

Sl. No Name of the Farm Project Location Area (Acres) Year of Estb. No. of Employee Focused Commodity
Chiwog Gewog Dzongkhag
1 Bhutan Yoedhen Farm Selaykha Mewong Thimphu 4 2019 5 Organic Vegetables & Mushroom
2 Integrated Forestry and Agriculture Farming Sampheling Phuntsholing Chukha 5 2019 3 Chilli, Cabbage & Cauliflower
3 Jodhary Green Farm Tashicholing Puentenchu Tsirang 7.012 2020 5 Beans, Chilli, Ginger, Turmeric & Cauliflower
4 Druk Integrated Farm Umling & Chuzergang, Chuzergang Sarpang 70 2020 10 Beans, Chilli, Tomato, Ginger, Cucumber & Brinjal
5 Othbar Mountain Horticulture Project Goenshari Goenshari Punakha 6 2019 19 Organic Vegetables, Kiwi & Ground Apple
6 Lindhi Organic Farm Lingdhi Langthel Trongsa 24 2019 6 Buckwheat, Beans, Cauliflower, Cabbage, Carrot, Potato, Rice, Tomato, Radish, Green chili
7 Wobthang Organic Wonders Farm Wobthang Tang Bumthang 42 2019 10 Buckwheat, Sweet potatoes, Mustard, Peas, Beans, Cauliflower, Cabbage, Carrot, Turnips, Radish & Mustard Green.
8 Tsirang Organic Farm Mendrelgang Mendrelgang Tsirang 7.9 2021 5 Organic Vegetables & Mushroom
9 Chana Goenpa Farmers Group Farm Phangyuel Phangyuel Wangduephodrang 8.23 2021 5 Organic Vegetables & Mushroom
10 Eco-Villa Garden Sherzom Geney Thimphu 8 2021 4 Organic Vegetables
11 Tse Organic Farm Chamina Kawang Thimphu 3 2020 4 Organic Vegtables & Herbs
  Total       185.142   76